The Greek poet Homer is credited with being the first to write down the epic stories of 'The Iliad' and 'The Odyssey,', two epic poems that are central work of ancient Greek literature. The lliad is set during the Trojan War, the ten-years siege of the City of Troy, but a coalition of Greek Kingdoms. It focuses an a Quarrel between King Agamemnon and the warrior Achilles lasting a few weeks during the last year of the War. The Odyssey focuses an the Journey home of Odysseus, King of Ithaca around 20 Years after the fall of Troy. Many accounts most widespread being that he was a blind Bard from Iona, a region of central coastal Areitalia in present-Day Turkey.
Scholars believe him to be one man; others think these iconic stories were created by a group. A variation on the group idea stems from the fact that storytelling was an oral tradition and Homer compiled the stories, then recited them to memory. Homer was born sometime between the 12th and 8th centuries BC, possibly somewhere on the coast of Asia Minor.