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Gods and Goddesses in Greek Mythology, are immortals who are referred to as "deathless ones" in Theogony.[1] The various types of Gods are Protogenoi, Gigantes, Titans, Olympians, Okeaniks, and Khthonics. Some of the main gods are Zeus, god of lightning; Poseidon, god of the sea; Ares, god of war; Apollo, god of the sun; Hermes, messenger of the gods; Hephaestus, god of the forge, fire and smithing; Dionysus, god of wine; Hades, god of the dead; Artemis, goddess of the hunt; Aphrodite, goddess of love; Hera, goddess of marriage; Demeter, goddess of the harvest; and Hestia, goddess of the hearth.

History

The first gods Olympians born to Titans Kronus and Rhea. They had six children, five of which were eaten by Kronus. Later, Zeus, the last child who was not eaten, fed a mixture of wine and honey to Kronus, vomiting his brothers and sisters. In other myths, Gaea wrapped a rock with baby clothes and a blanket with Kronus thinking it was Zeus. This started the Titanomachy. Later, after the gods won, they had children who would also be gods. Ouranos's remains caused seafoam, which turned into Aphrodite.

First Generation Gods (Olympians)

Zeus

  • Hestia (former member): Goddess of Home, Hearth and Family. When Dionysus came to join the Olympians Hestia resigned her place on the council so that there would not be a fight about throwing the number of council members out of place.
  • Demeter: Goddess of Plants, Harvest, Crops, Agriculture, Seasons and Fertility.
  • Hera: Goddess of Women, Marriage, Family, Childbirth, Queenship, Sky and Starry Heaven. Patron of Women and Queens. Queen of Olympus.
  • Hades (unofficial member): God of the Dead, Darkness and Wealth. Ruler of the Underworld and the Subterranean Regions.  While he was not technically an Olympian his importance is just as great as any of them and greater so than others.
  • Poseidon: God of the Oceans, Earthquakes, Storms, Natural Disasters, Horses, Aquatic Creatures, Drought, Water Bodies, Gales and Marine Weather. Ruler of the Mediterranean Regions.
  • Zeus: God of the Sky, Air, Lightning, Thunderstorms, Rain, Clouds, Weather, Law, Order, the Human Race, Destiny and Fate. Patron of Kings and Human Race. King of Olympus.

Second Generation Gods (Olympians)

  • Athena: Goddess of Wisdom, Warfare, Weaving, Law, Order, Crafts and Civilization.
  • Apollo: God of the Sun, Light, Knowledge, Music, Poetry, Oracles, Prophecy, Diseases and Healing.
  • Artemis: Goddess of the Moon, Hunting, Wild Animals, Midwifery, Childbirth and Virginity
  • Ares: God of War, Violence, Bloodshed, Bloodlust, Murder, Cannibalism and Manliness.
  • Aphrodite: Goddess of Love, Lust, Passion, Desire, Procreation, Sex, Sexuality and Pleasure.
  • Hephaestus: God of Fire, Craftsmanship, Metalworking and Volcanoes.
  • Hermes: God of Communication, Business, Thieves, Travel and Athletics.
  • Dionysus: God of Wine, Vine, Grape-Harvest, Revelry, Drunkeness, Ritual Madness and Vegetation.


Titans, now accepted as "Gods"

References

  1. Theogony of Hesiod (ll. 1-25)
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